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Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services are the two most significant and well-known All India Services which exist before the independance of the country. The debate of IAS against IPS is not new, as both services serve as the basis for development of the nation. The state administration is accountable for the IAS and IPS. Revenue and law and Order are two of the most important components. Both development and security are crucial to the country’s development. IAS and IPS are the two pillars of development and security in India. Candidates for both the Civil Services Exam and Civil Services Exam are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

The IAS and IPS are complementary and don’t rival for power. Both IPS and IAS are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also called the Indian Police Service (IPS). IAS as well as IPS are the most important tasks in the administrative administration of the district. IAS as well as IPS complement each other. Both are crucial to the development and growth of Indian society. IAS as well as IPS officers are vastly different starting from their positions, background, recruitment education, role of the controlling authority, the position as well as the power and pay.

Let’s look at the main differences between IAS and IPS

Evolution of IAS & IPS

Since only a small number of Indians could pass the Civil Services Exam, IAS and IPS were heavily dominated by Europeans prior to Independence. They were made available to Indian citizens after Independence. Indians were allowed to apply for them and the eligibility requirements were made more flexible. Indian Administrative Service is the continuation of Imperial Civil Services (ICS) which was prevalent during the colonial time. Civil Services are related to the collection of agricultural revenue which is why they are called “Collector”. It was one of the first jobs offered by the British company and it started the coveted civil services.

The existence of the Imperial Police is also reflected in IPS. On the other hand the necessity for Police Bureaucracy was stated in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.

The process of recruitment

Both IAS and IPS are selected through UPSC Civil Services Examination every year. IAS applicants must fill out the DAF of UPSC and Department of Personnel & Training to indicate the preferred serviceThe candidates selected are assigned to the service depending on their rank and preferences. Candidates typically choose IAS as their first option and IPS as their second.

The popularity of IAS is evident from the case that the UPSC Civil Services exam is widely known as the IAS exam. IAS overshadowed all the other public service exams in the Civil Services Exam and in the real world, too.

Cadre Controlling Authority

IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority is the responsible ministry responsible for overseeing the assignment and transfer of the officers. Both IAS and IPS are All-India Services but both have separate Cadre Controlling Authority. Cadre Controlling Authority (IAS) is the Ministry of Personnel. This ministry is directly under the Prime Minister of India. The Cadre Controlling Authority (IPS Cadre Controlling Authority) is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs, that is under the Union Home Minister.

UPSC will forward the recommendation list of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel after the Civil Services exam result and from there, all candidates’ details are shared with the concerned Cadre Controlling Authorities.


All newly appointed IAS and IPS officers join the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) for three months for the common base course. After the foundation course, the IAS officers are based at LBSNAA and the rest of the officers went to their specialised training institutes. For the rest of their education, IPS officer trainees are transferred to the Sardar Vallabhbhai Ptel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad. IAS probationers have an annual two-year program however, the IPS officers undergo training for two and one-half years.

The top student of the IAS training will be awarded the The President’s Gold Medal and the Prime Minister’s Baton is given to the top performer of the IPS training course.

IAS training is focused on the management, coordination and administration of resources and manpower. IPS training also includes instruction in physical skills and laws needed for police duties. IPS training is more difficult and involves more physical activity. It includes horse riding, parade, the training of armaments, as well as other aspects required by law enforcement.

Responsibilities and Powers

After a certain period of time Certain IAS officers can be promoted to the position of District Magistrate (DM). The DM who is also the coordinator at the district level, has the power to make a final decision. The DM has the ultimate of all committees at the district level as well as departmental committees. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM is also responsible for the police department in the district. The city’s decision-making regarding Section 144, curfew and other issues are made by the DM. are taken by the DM.

A magisterial system is in place to ensure that the DM may order the start of fire in order to disperse the mob and other conditions. Not just this, but the approval of DM is also necessary to transfer specific police officers.

IPS is the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) of the district. He is more concerned about the law and order of the city. He has to obtain permission from IAS officers for specific warrants.

The role of both IAS and IPS services is wide and both are listed on powerful websites, but IAS is far more effective as an DM. An IPS is responsible for the department it is in charge ofBut IAS (DM) IAS (DM) is a DM who has charge of all districts. An IAS officer who is DM is the head of the police department as well as other departments.

In accordance with one protocol the IPS officer must salute the IAS if he is senior to him. It also stipulates that the IPS officer is required to salute the IAS officer when he is more senior than him. Certain states have implemented the commissionerate system within some of their cities. Under this system, police officers are empowered but they’re not as powerful as an IAS.

Scope of duty

The responsibilities of an IAS officer as DM includes all departments within the district. An IPS is able to work in only the police department as well as in the traffic department while being SSP. The responsibilities of an DM are vast and encompass all departments within the district. The DM coordinates at the district-level even in Disaster Management, when the army is named. He is the equivalent of major in an army.

IPS is the other significant functionary of the district since he is required to maintain the law and order in the city. He is more concerned with the actions of the departments and the directions he has received from the DM.


Uniform separates IAS as well as IPS. IAS officers do not require to wear a uniform. They are able to wear formal attire to official occasionsHowever, IPS must wear the prescribed uniform. IPS uniforms change with the rank they hold. The Ashok symbol is affixed to the shoulders of an IPS officer.

Public places recognize IPS officers based on their uniforms, but not simply because they’re IAS.

Top Posts

The IAS is able to become the Cabinet Secretary for the Government of India. This is the top position in the Indian bureaucratic hierarchy and can only be held by an IAS officer. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The State Secretary is the highest-ranking job in the state bureaucratic structure. An IAS officer is only able to hold this post. The post of Union Home Secretary is also being held by an IAS officer. 

IPS can become the Director-General of Police of the state. A IPS officer working in Union Government can become the Director of CBI, IB and RAW. IPS can also be posted as a National Security Advisor.


Following the Seventh Pay commission’s recommendations, the salary of an IPS officer has increased significantly in India. A IPS officer’s salary can vary from Rs 56,100 to Rs 2,25,000 per monthly. The amount depends on the length of your tenure. The pay of IAS is greater than the amount recommended by the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS pay ranges from Rs 56,100 up to 2,50,000 per month. It could also differ based on your seniority. The IAS salary is much higher than IPS.

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